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Mammals at Explore Gorongosa


The following mammals are very likely to be seen currently on a safari with us in Gorongosa:

(Note: UNDERLINED NAMES  These species are mostly nocturnal but we do often see them in the daylight hours too, especially the BUSHPIG which is somewhat extra-ordinary.  Our night drives are a real treat at Gorongosa and we frequently have 3 or more sightings of CIVET, PORCUPINE, GENET, etc on a night drive!)
 
1.    WARTHOG
2.    BUSHPIG
3.    ORIBI *
4.    BUSHBUCK
5.    NYALA
6.    REEDBUCK
7.    IMPALA
8.    WATERBUCK
9.    BABOON **
10.    VERVET MONKEY
11.    SAMANGO (BLUE) MONKEY
12.    PORCUPINE
13.    CIVET
14.    GENET
15.    LARGE GREY MONGOOSE
16.    SLENDER MONGOOSE ***
17.    CROCODILE (a reptile, not a mammal – but still a very important species in Gorongosa’s ecosystem)
18.    WATER MONITOR (also a reptile of course, but very common)

* A threatened species that does very well in Gorongosa - there is a belief that the Park has the highest
  concentration of ORIBI in Africa

** We currently believe the Gorongosa baboons to be a cross-over population between the larger and more
  aggressive CHACMA BABOON of Southern Africa and the more timid, diminutive YELLOW BABOON of East
  Africa.  We have sent through our speculations to mammal experts and are awaiting some feedback on this
  interesting phenomenon...

*** A red version of this cute critter occurs in the Park leading to its nickname: Fire Mongoose
 


The following are mammals that you have a good chance of seeing at the moment on safari in Gorongosa:
 
19.    SABLE
20.    LICHTENSTEIN’S HARTEBEEST
21.    KUDU
22.    RED DUIKER
23.    GREY DUIKER
24.    HIPPO *
25.    ELEPHANT
26.    BUFFALO *
27.    LION
28.    SERVAL
29.    THICK-TAILED BUSHBABY
30.    WATER (MARSH) MONGOOSE
31.    WHITE-TAILED MONGOOSE
32.    DWARF MONGOOSE
33.    BANDED MONGOOSE
34.    TREE SQUIRREL

* These species are part of the ongoing re-introduction plan for the Park, particularly focused on increasing
    the populations of the mega-herbivores that were so synonymous with Gorongosa in its heyday



These mammals we see from time to time and, particularly in the case of the wildebeest, are more often seen in the dry months (July-October).  It must be noted that the chances of seeing these species increases with the amount of time you spend exploring Gorongosa:
 
35.    BLUE WILDEBEEST *
36.    SUNI
37.    SHARPE’S GRYSBOK
38.    BLUE DUIKER **
39.    BUSHY-TAILED MONGOOSE ***
40.    RED (FIRE) SQUIRREL **
41.    HONEY BADGER (RATEL)


* Wildebeest are part of the ongoing re-introduction plan for the Park, particularly focused on increasing
    the populations of the mega-herbivores that were so synonymous with Gorongosa in its heyday
** Found in the forests of Mount Gorongosa

*** Endemic to the central Mozambique/eastern Zambia & Zimbabwe region



These mammals are currently present in Gorongosa in very limited numbers (or at least they should be!).  We hope these populations should increase steadily as the Park becomes recognised as a place of sanctuary for these animals (and with ongoing re-introductions), so we should be seeing more and more in time:
 
42.    ZEBRA *
43.    ELAND *
44.    KLIPSPRINGER
45.    STEENBOK
46.    LEOPARD
47.    SPOTTED HYENA *
48.    WILD DOG

* These species are part of the ongoing re-introduction plan for the Park, particularly focused on increasing
    the populations of the mega-herbivores that were so synonymous with Gorongosa in its heyday
 


There were a number of animals that were present in the Park in the past but were locally extinct (or have not been seen) since the current Park restoration project began. 

•    CHEETAH: Disappeared in the 1950s – we hope to re-introduce these incredible cats in the near future

•    RHINO - both species: Disappeared in the 1950s.  There were efforts to re-introduce Rhino in the early 
     1970s but these were lost during the early years of the civil conflict.  There are plans to bring back the
     Rhino to Gorongosa.

•    ROAN ANTELOPE: Not certain when these highly vulnerable antelope were exterminated but they should
     occur in the region.
 
•    SIDE-STRIPED JACKAL: Probably lost to distemper, rabies, mange or a related disease that resulted from
     domestic dogs being present in the Park during the conflict years.



Finally there are a number of African savanna animals that were never found in the Gorongosa region.  These include GIRAFFE which, for what appears to be a multi-faceted series of reasons (floods, soil type, toxicity of vegetation, disease, etc), was not recorded in Mozambique between the Rovuma River in the north and the Save River in the south.  A handful were introduced in the colonial era but these did not survive, furthering the understanding that the Gorongosa region is just not suitable for these classic safari icons. 


 
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